Tasar silk, a dignified, gorgeous and most outstanding crown of Indian textiles. It is said to be found around 400 years ago and now it became one of the more common varieties of non-mulberry silk and in world’s scenario, India is one of the largest producers of Tussar silk. The tasar fibre originated during the Indus Valley civilization period, and over 4000 years later continues to be as contemporary.
Tasar—-(antheraea mylitta/assamensis) it’s a wild type of silk woven by the moth, cultured in jungle or in farm plantation mainly on Arjun or Ashan trees (termanalia is tomentosa /terminal arjuna)Some times one can found in ber trees (kul). After hatching of larva, reared indoor for first two stages and then transfer to maintenance plantation of Arjun or ashan for last three stages, at fifth stage ripening larva forms cocoons with a support to a leaf forming peduncle.
After formation of cocoons.larva converted into pupa inside cocoons and emerge out as moth.
It is required to kill the pupa inside by sun drying or by cocoon drying machine
From cocoon by using motorised reeling and spinning machine or traditionally by “Thai reeling by women flocks”.raw silk yarn of tasar cocoon Reeling done. Luxurious tasar silk yarn then weaved to prepare sarees or apparel’s . Some times it may be died by different colours using in colourful sarees or apparel’s
It is totally a natural Fabric and having no cersinogenic effect. In West Bengal Tasar is cultured in Bankura,Midnapur,Birbhum, Purulia etc. mainly in farms and at farmers level under Directorate of Sericulture ,Agriculture Department, Govt of West Bengal and Central Silk Board.
Tasar silk is one of the luxuriant gorgeous wild silk and “garod” is well-known to all.
Original tasar silk price starts from ₹5000.
Photographs courtesy: Me
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